Classic psychological theory posits the importance of social group membership in shaping individual identity (; ), and expectancy-value theory also suggests that individuals’ stereotype endorsement will be related to their self-perceptions (). Thus, stereotypes about race differences in ability would be expected to influence self-perceptions of ability for members of negatively stereotyped groups. However, indirect evidence has not always supported this relationship. For instance, robust literature has shown few race differences between African Americans and European Americans in academic self-concept (), and in the domain of gender, endorsement of stereotypes about gender differences in mathematics and science was unrelated to self-perceptions of mathematics and science self-concept among eighth-grade girls (). Taken together, these results imply that the link between social stereotypes and individual self-perceptions may differ depending on developmental status (e.g., identity issues may be less defined among young adolescents than among older adolescents and young adults), social status (i.e., the relation might be stronger for the positively stereotyped social group than for the negatively stereotyped group), and social group (i.e., race stereotypes may have different meaning than gender stereotypes, thus showing a different relation to self-perceptions of competence).

The Clark Doll Test illustrates the ill effects of stereotyping and racial segregation in America.

Identity development is particularly important during adolescence, when youth are distancing themselves from parents through increasing expressions of autonomy (). In exploring who they are as individuals, adolescents depend on cues from the social environment (). As noted, adolescents are “sometimes morbidly preoccupied with what they appear to be in the eyes of others” (p. 128). For racial and ethnic minority youth, the expectations of others may be shaped by stereotypes about racial differences in abilities. Thus, for these youth, identity development entails forging an understanding of how race—including the centrality of race for the individual, as well as the meaning ascribed to race by others in the society—is intertwined with personal identity. In this article, we explore African American adolescents’ endorsement of racial stereotypes about academic abilities and the relation between these stereotypes and the self-perceptions of adolescents for whom race is more or less central in their views of themselves.

Racism and stereotyping are quite different from each other

This Site Might Help You. RE: What is the difference between stereotyping and racism? If you stereotype someone, is it considered racism? What do you think? Television, books, comic strips, and movies are all abundant sources of stereotyped characters. For much of its history, the movie industry portrayed African-Americans as being unintelligent, lazy, or violence-prone. As a result of viewing these stereotyped pictures of African-Americans, for example, prejudice against African-Americans has been encouraged. In the same way, physically attractive women have been and continue to be portrayed as unintelligent or unintellectual and sexually promiscuous.

Stereotypes | Simply Psychology

The purpose of Study 2 was to replicate the results of Study 1 with a similar sample. In Study 2, data were drawn from an ongoing longitudinal study aimed at understanding the transition to middle school for African American youth and its implication for their achievement motivation. Therefore, Study 2 participants had enrolled in the longitudinal project when they were in Grade 5. Their Grade 7 reports of the study variables were used for the current article. As in Study 1, we examined the relation between adolescents’ stereotypes about race-related differences in academic competence and their perceptions of their own academic competence. Once again, racial centrality was examined as a moderator. Participants in the two studies were similar in age and family income.

Racism and Stereotype? | Yahoo Answers