Early American colonists, who had left Great Britain with the Romantic ideas of freedom and independence in mind, planted the seeds of this movement in America as early as the 1600s. Even though settlement life was hard, many people loved and were inspired by the beautiful yet chaotic wildness of their new land. In literature, the movement peaked between 1830 and 1865, when conflicts over slavery became increasingly tense and raised questions and awareness about human dignity and worth.
SparkNotes: Europe (1815-1848): Romanticism
In the eighteenth century, when tales of horror set in the Gothic past came into fashion, the aspect of the eerie and spine-tingling phantasmagoria came into play. In France, the Shakespeare translators Letourneur and Girardin used the term "romantique" in 1776 to characterize the emotional qualities of a scene. And in 1777, in his Musings of a Lonely Vagabond, the philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712— 1778) firmly established the Romantic ideal in French thought.
A summary of Romanticism in 's Europe (1815-1848)
Some of the earliest examples of this movement in literature emerged in Germany, where the most important literary figure of the period arguably was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. His first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), about a young, sensitive artist, was popular throughout Europe. Goethe also used and local as subjects for his poetry, inspiring a sense of German nationalism in the decades before a unified Germany. The American and French Revolutions in the late 18th century added to the popularity of such Romantic ideals as freedom, liberty and national pride.
Overview of Romanticism in Literature - Article Myriad
Romantic ideals developed largely in opposition to a neo-classicism that had become entrenched in the traditions of Greco-Roman antiquity, and advocated an open-ended and progressive - that is, a modern - view of the age. Yet Romantic artists also turned back to the late medieval and Renaissance periods, for themes from the Judeo-Christian heritage, because only with its aid, they believed, could the Utopia of a politically and intellectually enlightened European future be achieved.* Scottsdale, Arizona: Did you ever imagine you could take a gondola ride in the middle of the dessert? At the Hyatt Regency Resort at Gainey Ranch, individuals can take romantic rides on the waterways at the resort via gondola and then go on to enjoy a magical dinner.Although this movement enjoyed much success, eventually, people began to see the value in accepting life and the world as it was, in not trying to exaggerate anything or add color where it wasn't really there. Realism developed in response to Romantic ideals, characterized by a strong desire for truth and accuracy. Although the works from this later time sometimes are characterized as being simplistic and aren't necessarily as dramatic as their predecessors, they nevertheless are extremely valuable in that they provide a glimpse of how people and societies thought and functioned. In Germany the school, with its obsessive interest in medievalism, prepared the way for romanticism. Friedrich first used the term to designate a school of literature opposed to classicism, and he also applied the philosophical ideas of Immanuel and J. G. to the "romantic ideal." Major German writers associated with romanticism include G. E. , J. G. , Friedrich , , and particularly , who had a mystic feeling for nature and for Germany's medieval past.