We begin with a history of income policy in the U.S. as the background for understanding the motivation behind much of the research on income and income-enhancement policy effects on children. The challenge of eliminating poverty in post-industrial America took center stage under President Johnson’s administration during the 1960s. That administration’s agenda formulated the poverty dilemma as a problem of underinvestment in human capital—low earnings, low income, and low consumption—and this has fueled poverty thinking to this day. The policy response of the 1960s launched a platform for decades of program and policymaking to enhance earnings capacity broadly construed as Head Start and early education, to youth and adult job, education, and training programs. And, this policy focus simultaneously nurtured support for a social safety net to ensure the poor can meet their basic day-to-day needs. It was at this time that Molly Orshansky, then at the Social Security Administration, developed a poverty threshold based on the Department of Agriculture’s Thrifty Food Plan in which her analyses showed that a family spent approximately one-third of their after-tax income on food (). In 1965, the Office of Economic Opportunity under the Johnson administration adopted Orshansky’s poverty threshold as a working definition of poverty. The poverty measure has been used ever since to track the poverty levels of the U.S. population, determine eligibility for a number of programs (), and fuel decades of research on poverty effects on children.
The Future of Children, Princeton - Princeton University
Before the parents were only concerned about getting money and getting their children to do more work, poverty effects on child development were much greater. But now they are coming very regularly and are definitely improving. They are better educated and developing so they will be able to read and write and because of that, their future will be much better.
Effects of Poverty on Children's Health
Long term effects of poverty on children can also be in terms of health. A physiologic health concern is only one of the long term effects of poverty on children. Other poverty effects on children include mental health problems. Living in a stressful environment is not healthy for anyone, more so for children. Parents who experience poverty might always fight and quarrel about finances. Mental health problems are not the only effect that a child can gain from stressful family homes; emotional state can also be a problem. A child must grow up in a loving environment with lots of nurturing care, when constantly exposed to anger, probably violence, and other negative emotions it may affect how they interact with other people. They may experience problems with their grown up relationships and others might even be afraid to make commitments.
The effect of poverty on children’s health - Washington Post