Looked at this way, Locke and Hobbes commit very different versions ofHume's fallacy. Locke reverse engineers the way things are from the way he believesthey ought to be: people be peaceful and respectful of one another,and therefore are this way in a state of nature, which exists only because they lack a common judge. Hobbes goes in the other direction and elevates the wayhe believes things are (nasty and brutish, constant war of all against all) to a moral imperative, that we () have a right of mutual destruction until we adopt rules which say otherwise.
States of Nature: Locke and Hobbes in Huckleberry Finn
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were known as social contract theorists and natural law theorists, too. However, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature. Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher from Malmesbury. He became famous when his book, “Leviathan,” created the foundation of the political philosophy from the West. Hobbes was able to garner several recognitions. He was the champion of absolutism for the sovereign. Not only that, he greatly contributed in different subjects. These include ethics, geometry, and physics of gases, theology, and even political science.
This is exactly the same in Locke and Hobbes
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes represented the beginning of a real political science in the seventeenth-century, and their conceptions of how government developed and what government should and should not do would be refined and extended by Rousseau and others and would eventually become the basis for the constitutional democracy of the United States. Hobbes was the first to try to put moral and political philosophy on a scientific basis, and Locke continued in this vein. The two find some agreement in their writings, but they also approach the issue from different perspectives. While each sees a relationship between human beings and their government in terms of human beings ceding certain powers to government in order to secure certain protections, Hobbes places more emphasis on civic responsibility, on the responsibility citizens owe to their government, while Locke places more emphasis on the degree to which government is limited in its powers because all governmental powers derive from the governed.
Natural Law: Locke and Hobbes on the economy | Kivu