The social, cultural and economic impact of the Reformation.

The Reformation Jubilee is not only a church event. In Germany considerations are being made as to how the Reformation has affected politics and society. It has made a cultural impact in the areas of language, music and education. Socio-politically seen one is reminded of the historical impact of the Reformation notion of freedom on the idea of democracy. And for society the Reformation notion of individual responsibility plays a central role in work, family and social surroundings.

The student has outlined the impact of the Reformation on Europe (12).

Besides this, though, the early modern period saw changes that were significant unto themselves. The most obvious is the subject of our course: the Reformation. Since the 1970s (at least), historians have wondered what was the impact of the Reformation on social relations. The great change in the economy also surely had social ramifications, as did the increasingly heavy hand of the State. Conversely, and this has been a strong theme in the current generation of historians, we are finding that social structures and conventions were an important factor in influencing the Reformation, the economy, and politics. It worked both ways.

Impact of the Italian Reformation [ edit ]

Marshall, Peter, ed. The Impact of the English Reformation, 1500–1640. London: Arnold, 1997. Each country of the British Isles experienced the impact of the Reformation in a particular way and this course will examine the chronology, character and impact of this process in each country. This was a process which eventually was to result in civil conflict throughout Britain in what is now known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

The Spread & Impact of the Reformation

The impact of the Reformation profoundly changed the visual look of churches. By 1530 parish churches were filled to overflowing with objects given by the parishioners or bought from church funds. Sometimes lack of space was a severe probtalem. A case from Norfolk shows how full churches could be: John Almyngham left £10 for a pair of organs and £10 for a canopy for the high altar, but specified that if there was no space left for the canopy the money should be spent on a tabernacle for the image of St Andrew. The inventories of church goods compiled in the 1540s are testimony to the hundreds of objects that could be within churches. The 'small and unimportant church' of St Martin Outwich has the longest of the Reformation inventories from the London churches, stretching to fourteen printed pages. The inventories include gold, silver, coptaper and pewter objects; cloths and vestments, such as altar cloths, copes, surplices, hearse cloths, towels, banners, curtains, painted cloths; books — including the Bible, Book of Common Prayer, procession books; and furniture such as chests, desks and organs. These objects were just the movable items. Other features included the rood screens and statues, murals and stained glass.

27. The Impact of the Reformation on Europe


In 1546 Duke of , a Lutheran, invaded Ernestine Saxony and thus started the SCHMALKALDIC WAR (1546-1547), which resulted in the victory of theImperial forces in the BATTLE OF MÜHLBERG. The two main leaders of the princely opposition, Count Philipp of Hessen and Duke John Frederick of Ernestine Saxony, were imprisoned; Emperor Charles V., at the DIET OF AUGSBURG, aimed at continuing a legislation which would be binding for the entire Empire and reduce the impact of the reformation. The AUGSBURG INTERIM of 1548 was passed, but not generally acceped.This analysis of the secular impact of the Reformation examines the changes within English towns over the period c.1540–1640. All over England wholesale shifts of urban land and resources, coupled with increased statutory responsibilities, allowed a surprising number of towns to strengthen their financial and political positions. The Reformation had already begun to destroy much of the doctrine-based political culture that traditionally sustained provincial governments. As a result, the ruling elite ...