6. Feminist Methods
Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology I H. Russell Bernard, editor. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-7619-9151-4 (cloth) I. Ethnology-Methodology, I. H. Russell (Harvey Russell), 1940GN345 .H37 1998 305.8'OOI-ddc21 CHRISTtNE WARD GAlLEY
Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology
The Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, now in its second edition, maintains a strong benchmark for understanding the scope of contemporary anthropological field methods. Avoiding divisive debates over science and humanism, the contributors draw upon both traditions to explore fieldwork in practice. The second edition also reflects major developments of the past decade, including: the rising prominence of mixed methods, the emergence of new technologies, and evolving views on ethnographic writing. Spanning the chain of research, from designing a project through methods of data collection and interpretive analysis, the Handbook features new chapters on ethnography of online communities, social survey research, and network and geospatial analysis. Considered discussion of ethics, epistemology, and the presentation of research results to diverse audiences round out the volume. The result is an essential guide for all scholars, professionals, and advanced students who employ fieldwork.
Handbook of methods in cultural anthropology (Open Library)
Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology
EDITOR: H. Russell Bernard, University of Florida EDITORIAL BOARD Carol R. Ember, Human Relations Area Files Michael Herzfeld, Harvard University lane H. Hill, University ojArizona Roy A. Rappaport, deceased Nancy Scheper-Hughes, University oj California, Berkeley Thomas Schweizer, University ojCologne
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Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, Second Edition H. Russell Bernard and Clarence C. Gravlee, Editors Preface IntroductionH. Russell Bernard and Clarence C. Gravlee Section I. Perspectives 1. EpistemologyMichael Schnegg 2. Meaningful methodsJames W. Fernandez and Michael Herzfeld 3. Research design and research strategies in cultural anthropologyJeffrey C. Johnson and Daniel J. Hruschka 4. EthicsCarolyn Fluehr-Lobban 5. Feminist methodsChristine Ward Gailey 6. Participatory methods: Conceptual and methodological approaches to collaborative community-based transformational research for change Stephen Schensul, Jean Schensul, Merrill Singer, Margaret Weeks, and Marie Brault Section II. Acquiring Information 7. Sampling and selecting participants in field researchGreg Guest 8. Participant observationKathleen Musante (aka DeWalt) 9. Behavioral observationRaymond Hames and Michael Paolisso 10. Person-centered interviewingRobert I. Levy and Doug W. Hollan 11. Structured interviewing and questionnaire constructionSusan Weller 12. Discourse-centered methodsBrenda Farnell and Laura R. Graham 13. Visual anthropologyFadwa El Guindi 14. Ethnographic methods for Internet culturesJeffrey Snodgrass 15. Survey methodsWilliam W. Dressler and Kathy Oths Section III. Interpreting Information 16. Reasoning with numbersW. Penn Handwerker and Steve Borgatti 17. Text analysisAmber Wutich, Gery Ryan, and H. Russell Bernard 18. Cross-cultural researchCarol Ember, Melvin Ember, and Peter N. Peregrine 19. Spatial analysisEduardo S. Brondizio and Tracy Van Holt 20. Social network analysisChristopher McCarty and Jose Luis Molina Section IV. Applying and Presenting Information 21. Methods in applied anthropologyRobert Trotter, Jean Schensul, and Kristin M. Kostick 22. Ethnographic writing and presenting anthropologyConrad Kottak 23. Public anthropologyThomas Hylland Eriksen Author Indexis dynamic, ever-changing; on the other, there are regularities in human behavior and human thought. While rhetorical energy is spent arguing that (a) the first fact renders impossible the pursuit of the second or that (b) the second fact renders irrelevant our worrying about the first. working scholars of all persuasions are out there doing empirical research. The core of the discipline, it seemed to me, was in the fact that nearly all cultural anthropologists choose from the same awesomely large kit of tools. My goal, then, from the beginning has been to put together a handbook that would be useful to academic anthropologists and practicing anthropologists; to interpretivists and positivists; to idealists and materialists. No project of this magnitude can be managed alone. Six colleagues graciously agreed to join this project and serve as a board of editors: Carol Ember (HRAF), Michael Herzfeld (Harvard), Jane Hill (Arizona), Roy ("Skip") Rappaport (Michigan; deceased), Nancy Scheper-Hughes (UC-Berkeley), and Thomas Schweizer (Cologne). When I thought about senior people whose work was respected by colleagues across the field, Rappaport's name came immediately to mind. Tragically, he didn't live to see the end of the project. Right from the beginning, the members of the editorial board contributed ideas about chapters that needed to be included in the handbook and about who might write those chapters. They read the chapters and offered critical advice and support. Three of them (Ember, Herzfeld, and Schweizer) contributed chapters themselves. I am grateful to all. Over the years, I have come to expect nothing less than the best of editorial guidance from Mitch Alien. He never disappoints, never holds back, never pulls punches. I am also grateful to the following colleagues (in alphabetical order) who read various chapters ofthe handbook in draft and provided detailed reviews: Devon Brewer, Karen Brodkin, Edward Brnner, Douglas Caulkins, Garry Chick, Victor De Munck, William Dressier, Dama Dufour, Robert V. Kemper, David Kertzer, Maxine Margolis, and Alvin Wolfe. Special thanks go to Ronald Cohen, my colleague at the University of Florida. His was a pioneering effort in 1970 when he and Naroll put together that first handbook of methods in cultural anthropology. My thanks also go to the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung, Bonn, and to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Florida for support during 1994-95. I know that I cannot thank sufficiently my partner, Carole Bemard, for her support all along the way and specifically for her work copyediting and producing the final product. But I can try.
H. Russell Bemard Gainesville, FL July 20, 1998