Women’s economic inequality is not inevitable. Exploitation of women’s work prevails because of the unjust politics that shape our economy, and because it is rooted in and further drives wider gender discrimination in society. Governments, businesses and international institutions all have the power to create the conditions that are needed to give women in developing countries the chances that they deserve in and at work.
eradicate the problem of gender discrimination in society
Awareness of sexism Another cognitive component of feminist identity may include recognizing that institutionalized sexism occurs in society. Awareness of sexism and endorsing gender equality are not necessarily the same. The construct of modern sexism is premised on this notion (Swim et al. ). That is, some people profess equal rights for women and men while also expressing the view that gender discrimination in society is no longer a problem. Also, studies have demonstrated that awareness of sexism in society is more likely among women who identify as feminists (Downing and Roush ; Henderson-King and Stewart ; Henderson-King and Zhermer ; Morgan ; Myaskovsky and Wittig ; Szymanski ; Williams and Wittig ; Zucker ). Because gender-egalitarian attitudes and awareness of societal sexism are fundamental to being a feminist, we predicted that these beliefs would independently contribute to women’s identification as feminists.
Widespread gender discrimination in society's customary practices
Feminism refers to a belief in gender equality and an awareness of contemporary gender discrimination at interpersonal and societal levels (e.g., Jackson et al. ). Paradoxically, many women who endorse gender equality do not identify as feminists. Identifying as a feminist may have its benefits, however, because feminism may empower women to challenge sexism in their lives and the larger society. The present study examined women’s feminist identity in two ways. First, we considered multiple components that may contribute to women’s self-identification as a feminist. Second, we explored which of these components might be related to women’s proactive coping responses to sexist events.
Sex vs Gender - Society Roles Lead to Gender Discrimination