Waccamaw NWR has a rich history. The land within the acquisition boundary has been inhabited by humans from prehistoric periods through modern history. Early Native Americans lived off the land and it's wildlife for hundreds of years prior to the arrival of European Colonists who settled the area. After the colonization of South Carolina, Native Americans traded by-products derived from these lands to European settlers. Trading posts were established to facilitate trade including one that was located near the site of the new Environmental Education Center. Other historic uses of the lands that now make up the Refuge include rice culture, turpentine production, logging operations, and several ferry crossings for transportation.
Artifacts / Original Early Native American Obsidian Bi-face
The Tennessee River became a great resource for early Native Americans. The rocky shoals and its abundance of mussels and other shellfish provided food for the growing tribes. The mussels were easy to gather and were rich in protein. The river also helped sustain the lives of the various wildlife and plant life in the region, providing another source of food for the Native Americans.
Early Native Americans: Conclusion
Early Native American weapons almost always utilized stone in some way and was the most effective stone to use when making a weapon. The process of making weapons from flint was called Flint Knapping and the weapon makers were called . Many Native American weapons were made from a combination of materials. An arrow or spear had a stone or bone arrowhead or point which was attached to a wooden shaft or handle all of which were held together with a cord usually made from animal sinew or with a type of glue. Arrows would also have feathers attached which improved the flight of the arrow. Native American weapons included , , , , , , ,
Early Native American 091611» Vector Clip Art - Free Clipart Images
Along with the staples and animal sources, herbs also played a vital role in early Native American food. Many of the earliest forms of medicine were derived from these food sources as well. The Native Americans were masters at making poultices, teas, and herbal remedies. They used herbs and plants such as Peppermint, Spearmint, Clover, Sage, and Rosehips to make teas and other foods. Today’s society and culture owes much of what it has learned about food and the natural American resources to the early Native Americans.This journey would have been later than either of the other theories we discussed. The best evidence of this is the finding of the . The 9,500-year old Kennewick skeletal remains were found in Washington State in the nineties. The features of the remains are in line with the Ainu, a native people of Hokkaido, Japan. Now, I don't really see the resemblance, but it may be the reconstruction's lack of facial hair! But seriously, this discovery is evidence of a tie to early Native American people from the Pacific Region.